Temp3.net Web Design

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How the Internet Works

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Most people take the internet for granted, without any insight to how it works or connected. First let's setup some definitions. The Internet and the World Wide Web (www) are often used to refer to the same thing. This is wrong. The internet is not the same as the world wide web. The Internet is a network of networks. The world wide web is a set of hyper linked text document, it's what you see in you web browser when you open a page that links to another page.

The World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) is an organization that keeps some order in all the chaos that might happen online if we didn't have some common census. Think of W3C as the manual of the internet, where you can find definitions and explanations for almost any term you will learn in any paid or free design course. Take some time to visit the website are read the documentation, get a feel for what you need to know.

The high level picture of the internet is the world wide web, it is what you see in your browser every day. Behind this text and every other text there are many parts at work getting you the information you request. At a low level, the internet is a (very large) group of servers that are inter connected. This server range anywhere from private ownership to government and education networks. In fact, anyone could put up a server and connect it to the internet from their own home. Every server has a unique address. When you type in a url (http://www.temp3.com) it gets translated to a number address. Something like 127.0.0.1 (localhost). We have name servers that are in charge of only translating these words to numbers. When that number is retrieved, it goes to the server where the page is stored and then sends a packet of information back to the browser. Then your browser receives that a copy of the files and displays it according to the html within them (or php, javascripts, etc...)

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